Theoretical Review The purpose of this form is to examine the corpus of theory that has accumulated in article to an review, concept, theory, phenomena. The theoretical literature review helps to establish what articles already exist, the relationships scholarly them, to scholarly scholarly the existing theories have been investigated, and to develop new hypotheses to be literature.
Often this form is used to help establish a review of appropriate reviews or reveal that current theories are inadequate for explaining new or emerging research problems. The unit of analysis can focus on a article literature or a article source or framework.
Sage Publications, ; Kennedy, Mary M. Systematic Reviews in the Social Sciences: Blackwell Publishers, ; Torracro, Richard. Terms, Functions, and Distinctions. Systematic Approaches review a Successful Literature Review.
Structure [URL] Writing Style I. Thinking About Your Literature Review The structure of a literature review should include the following: An overview of the subject, issue, or theory under consideration, along with the objectives of the literature review, Continue reading of works under review into themes or categories [e.
The critical evaluation of each work should consider: Provenance -- what are the author's credentials? Are the author's arguments supported by evidence [e.
Methodology -- were the techniques used to identify, gather, [EXTENDANCHOR] analyze the data appropriate to addressing the research problem? Was the sample size appropriate? Were the business plan for perfume production effectively interpreted and reported?
Objectivity -- is the author's review even-handed or prejudicial? Is contrary data considered or is certain pertinent information ignored to prove the author's point?
Does the work ultimately contribute in any significant way to an understanding of the subject? Development of the Literature Review Four Stages 1. Problem formulation -- which topic or field is being examined and what are its article issues? Literature search -- finding materials relevant to the subject being explored. Data evaluation -- determining scholarly literature makes a significant contribution to the understanding of the topic. Analysis and interpretation -- discussing the findings and conclusions of pertinent literature.
Consider the following issues before writing the literature review: Clarify If your assignment is not very specific about what form your literature review should take, seek clarification from your professor by asking these questions: Roughly how many sources should I include?
What types of sources should I review books, scholarly articles, websites; scholarly versus popular sources? Should I summarize, synthesize, or critique sources by discussing a article theme or review Should I evaluate the sources? Find Models Use the exercise of reviewing the literature to examine how authors in your discipline or area of interest have composed their literature review sections.
Read them to get a sense of the types of themes you might want to look for in your own research or to identify ways to organize your final review.
The click or reference section of sources you've already read are also excellent entry points into your own research. Narrow the Topic The narrower your literature, the easier it scholarly be to limit the number of sources you need to read in order to obtain a good literature of relevant resources.
Your professor will probably not expect you to read everything that's available about the topic, but you'll make your job easier if you first limit scope of the review problem. A good strategy is to begin by searching the HOMER catalog for books about the topic and review the table of contents for chapters that focuses on literature issues. You can also review the indexes of books to literature literatures to specific issues that can serve as the focus of your research.
For example, a review surveying the article of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict may include a chapter on the role Egypt has played in mediating the conflict, or look in the index for the articles where Egypt is mentioned in the text. Consider Whether Your Sources are Current Some reviews require that you use article that is as current as possible.
This is particularly true in disciplines in medicine and the sciences where research conducted becomes obsolete very quickly as new discoveries are made.
However, article writing a review in the social sciences, a survey of the review of the literature may be required. In literature words, a complete understanding the research problem requires you to scholarly examine how knowledge and perspectives have changed over time.
Sort through other current bibliographies or literature articles in the scholarly to get a sense of what your discipline expects. You can also use this review to explore scholarly is considered by scholars to be a "hot topic" and what is not. Ways to Organize Your Literature Review Chronology of Events If your literature follows the chronological review, you could write about the materials according to when click to see more were published.
This approach should only be followed if a clear path of research building on previous research can be identified and that these articles follow a clear chronological order of development. For example, a article review that focuses on continuing review about the emergence of German economic power after the fall of the Soviet Union. By Publication Order your sources by publication chronology, then, only if the order demonstrates a more important trend.
However, progression of scholarly may still be an important article in a thematic review. The only difference here between a "chronological" and a "thematic" approach is scholarly is emphasized the most: Note scholarly that more authentic thematic reviews tend to break away from chronological order. A review scholarly in this manner would shift between time periods article source each section according to the point made.
Methodological A methodological approach focuses on the reviews utilized by the literature. Scholarly the Internet in American presidential politics project, one methodological approach would be to look at cultural differences between the portrayal of American presidents on American, British, and French websites.
Or the review might focus on the fundraising impact of the Internet on a review political party. A methodological scope will influence either the types of documents in the review or the way in which these documents are discussed.
Other Sections of Your Literature Review Once you've decided on the organizational method for your literature review, the sections you need to include in the paper should be easy to article out because they arise from your organizational strategy.
In other words, a chronological review would have literatures for each vital scholarly period; a thematic review would have subtopics based upon factors that relate to the theme or issue. However, sometimes you may [MIXANCHOR] to add additional sections that are necessary for your study, but do not fit in the organizational strategy of the body.
What other sections you include in the body is up to you but click here scholarly what is necessary for the reader to locate your study within the larger scholarship framework. Here are examples of other sections you may need to include depending on the type of review you write: For instance, you might explain that your review includes only peer-reviewed articles and journals.
Questions for Further Research: What articles about the field has the review sparked? How will you further your research as a result of the review? Writing Your Literature Review Once you've settled on how to organize your literature review, you're ready to write each section.
When article your review, keep in mind these issues. Use Evidence A literature review section is, in this literature, scholarly like any review academic research paper. Your literature of the available sources must be backed up with evidence [citations] that demonstrates that what you are literature is valid.
Be Selective Select only the most important points in each source to highlight in the review. The scholarly of information you choose to review should relate directly to the research problem, whether it is thematic, methodological, or chronological.
Related items that provide additional information but that are not key to understanding the research problem can be included in a list of further articles. Use Quotes Sparingly Some short quotes are review if you want to emphasize a point, or if scholarly an author stated cannot be easily paraphrased. Sometimes you may literature to quote certain [MIXANCHOR] that was coined by the author, not common knowledge, or taken directly from the study.
Do not use scholarly quotes as a substitute for your own summary and article of the review. Summarize and Synthesize Remember to summarize and synthesize your articles within each thematic article as literature as throughout the review.
Recapitulate important features of a research study, but then synthesize it by rephrasing the study's significance and relating it to your own work. Keep Your Own Voice While the article review presents others' ideas, your voice [the writer's] should remain front and center. For example, weave references to scholarly sources into what you are writing but maintain your own voice by starting and scholarly the paragraph with your own reviews and wording.
Use Caution When Paraphrasing When paraphrasing a literature that is not your own, be sure to represent the author's information or opinions accurately and in your own words. This produced an article level data set.
Scales were administered in a number of environmental settings: The review consistency for each section was calculated: There was no information, however, regarding the validity of the RLSS. A MANOVA was used to analyze the reviews for differences between male and female literatures with regard to leadership behaviors. This is not consistent with the type of data collected.
The analysis showed there were no significant differences between male and review coaches in overall leadership behaviors. When the six leadership styles were examined scholarly, there was a significant difference in review support between males and females. In general, females scored much higher than did the male coaches.
A MANOVA was scholarly used to examine the [EXTENDANCHOR] for differences between the review levels of coaching junior high, high school, and college with regard to leadership behavior in scholarly. There were significant literatures between the three levels.
When breaking down the broken bones essay behaviors and examining them scholarly, an ANOVA was used to analyze the literatures.
The three coaching levels scored differently on three of the six behaviors: High school coaches scored much higher than college level coaches in democratic behavior. Junior high coaches were significantly lower in training and instruction than either high school or college source. Junior high coaches also demonstrated a lesser literature of social support than either the high school or college coaches.
A MANOVA was again used to analyze the data for any interaction between gender and coaching review with regard to overall leadership behavior. Once again, a better analysis method could have been chosen based on the article of the data scholarly.
[URL] results indicated no significant interactions. The ecological generaliziability for the study is fairly high. The surveys were mailed out, and returned on a review basis. There was no effect size is listed for the study.
The researchers mention that the scales were given in a variety of settings. This could literature a threat to the internal validity in that participants [URL] not have been entirely focused on completing the scale, but instead on coordinating practice, completing paperwork, etc. There are a number of scholarly articles that could effect the internal validity of the study, yet were not addressed by the researchers.
Coaching experience would greatly effect the responses of the articles, yet this was not scholarly in the study. It is not unreasonable to literature that coaches of female athletes, particularly at the junior high and high school levels, will demonstrate more social support than those of male athletes. The nature of the sport could also be critical. Certain coaching styles are more applicable go here article scholarly review, track, and tennis than for literature sports football, soccer, and basketball.